What is a land gazette?

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1. What is a land gazette?

A land gazette is an official record book that spells out, itemizes, and records all distinctive government subtleties for public consumption.

The gazette will include the networks or towns that have been granted excision, as well as the number of sections of land or hectares of land that the government has handed to the public or to a traditional family on purpose. The customary family is competent to offer its territories to the public community only inside those extracted portions of land or hectares, and nothing outside those hectares of land supplied or extracted to them.

The traditional family has the right to sell its holdings to the public only inside those excised acres or hectares, not outside those hectares of land given or excised to them.

A land with a Gazette is an extremely beneficial title that can be used instead of a Certificate of Occupancy by the Villagers. A gazette is by far the most contorted term Land Sellers have thrown around to Buyers, as well as the most perplexing document that non-land experts have never heard of and have no idea what it means. They have no idea what it looks like or what its perceived benefits and drawbacks are.

Despite being one of the most crucial documents you must be connected to, otherwise your home may be demolished in the future if it is not. Before we discuss what a Gazette is, we must first understand what an Excision is and how the two are related.

The Gazette maintains a perpetual legal public record of essential statutory and non-statutory notifications that can be utilized to aid legal and other processes, as well as serve as a means of public notice advertising. This is a document that documents and conveys the regions that the government has given to the family and community to acquire, and that the government will not secure it for any reason unless it is necessary.

2. History of the Gazette

Traditional families who had so much land power under their control benefited from all the powers afforded to them as land owners before the Land-Use Act of 1978 was adopted. They used their mega-power with land to dole out lands to individuals under a tenancy system, allowing them to use the land for fishing or farming while maintaining control over the portion of the land allocated to the individual.

Individuals could now purchase land directly from the Lagos Executive Development Board in exchange for a quantity of money, rather than having to meet with traditional families to secure land, thanks to the establishment of the Lagos Executive Development Board in the 1950s.

As a result, Traditional Families were increasingly dividing their lands, keeping a portion for family usage and selling the rest to people directly in order to compete against Lagos Executive Development.

The Traditional Families remained the absolute top dogs in terms of exercising exclusive rights over the lands they chose to sell and preserve under this system. Because land was both expensive and difficult to secure, this eventually led to the emergence of land speculation in Nigeria.

3. Effects of the gazette

The Land Use Decree, which put all lands in every state of the Federation under the supervision of the State Governors, was finally promulgated on the 28th of March, 1978, as a result of the issues stated above and other ancillary reasons. People may now purchase land directly from the Governor, and the Governor could allocate land to individuals or companies that inquired for property, as well as give certificates of occupancy to those to whom land was allocated.

The land use act, in combination with other laws, allowed the Governor, who was now the owner of all lands in the state, to acquire further lands mandatorily for its own public purposes, such as providing amenities for the betterment of the inhabitants.

The Land Use Act empowered the Governor, who is now the custodian of all lands in the state, to take advanced administration and monitoring of all URBAN land and any region assigned as an Urban area by the Governor, as well as any area designated as an Urban area by the Governor shall be published in a Government’s Official Record book known as the Gazette.

Every zone, hamlet, or village designated as an Urban Area by the Governor is Taken land, and the remaining land may be returned to the community from whence it was acquired in the form of an Excision.

4. Frequently asked questions about land gazette

(1) Can the government revoke a gazetted land?

Yes they can revoke it, although this is not a typical occurrence, and it might be for a variety of reasons that they are aware of if they choose to do so. It could be for community infrastructure, or it could be for something else entirely.

Also, keep in mind that you will be compensated if your land is within the excised land and you have a valid land deed.

(2) What is the Difference Between Gazette and Excision?

Excision refers to a piece of land that a state or authority has legally given to native pilgrims. As a result, such a piece of land is genuinely liberated or free of government securing it or acquisition.

(3) How to identify a land with a gazette?

Hiring a surveyor is the best way to find out if the land is Gazetted. A surveyor will draw a map of the land and take it to the surveyor general’s office in your state to conduct land data in order to confirm whether it is included in the gazette and to explain where it is most likely to be discovered.

(4) Is it advisable to buy land with a gazette title?

Land with a gazette is not a title, but land with an excised title is an excellent title to buy.

However, keep in mind that you must double-check any land paperwork. I enjoy emphasizing the importance of careful diligence in all land deals.

5. Conclusion

Getting a surveyor to chart the site and taking it to the surveyor general’s office to do a land information to confirm whether it falls within the gazette and spell out which specific location it can be found is the best way to know whether a land is under acquisition or has an excision that has been covered by a Gazette.

Read Also: Certificate of Ownership (C of O)


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